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Gladstone

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Gladstone
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  • Re: Sagarin ratings

    Muslim conquest of Persia
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Muslim conquest of Persia
    Part of the Muslim conquests
    IslamicConquestsIroon.png
    Map of Persia and its surrounding regions on the eve of the Muslim invasions
    Date 633–654[1]
    Location Mesopotamia, Caucasus, Persia, and Greater Khorasan
    Result Decisive Rashidun victory
    Territorial
    changes

    Fall of the Sasanian Empire
    Rise of several dynasties in Tabaristan

    Belligerents
    Sasanian Empire
    Caucasian Albania (633–636)
    Arab Christians (633–637)
    Kanārangīyāns (633–651)
    House of Ispahbudhan (633–651)
    House of Mihran (633–651)
    House of Karen (633–654)
    Dabuyids (642–651)
    Hephthalites (651–654) Rashidun Caliphate
    Kanārangīyāns (after 651)
    Commanders and leaders
    See list
    [hide]

    Yazdegerd III
    Rostam Farrokhzad †
    Mahbudhan
    Huzail ibn Imran
    Hormozd Jadhuyih
    Anoshagan †
    Andarzaghar
    Bahman Jadhuyih †
    Piruz Khosrow †
    Jaban
    Mihran Bahram-i Chubin
    Hormuzan (POW)
    Mardanshah †
    Bahram
    Isfandiyar Surrendered
    Jalinus †
    Mihran Razi †
    Nakhiragan
    Azadbeh
    Farrukhzad Surrendered
    Siyavakhsh †
    Shahriyar bin Kanara †
    Busbuhra (DOW)
    Shahriyar of Derbent †
    Farrukbandadh †
    Grigor †
    Mihran-i Hamadani †
    Shahrvaraz Jadhuyih †
    Karin †
    Mushegh III †
    Varaztirots †
    Muta †
    Narsi
    Tiruyih
    Kanadbak Surrendered
    Ruzbih †
    Shirzad
    Mardanshah of Damavand Surrendered
    Javanshir
    Burzin Shah
    Mahoe Suri Surrendered
    Shahriyar
    Siyah al-Uswari Surrendered
    Aparviz Surrendered
    Shahrag †
    Faylakan
    Yazdanfar Surrendered


    See list
    [hide]

    Abu Bakr(633-634)
    Umar I
    Ali Ibn Abi Talib
    Khalid ibn al-Walid (633-634)
    al-Muthanna ibn Haritha (WIA)
    Abu Ubayd †
    Saad ibn Abi Waqqas
    Zuhra ibn Al-Hawiyya
    Hashim ibn Uthba
    Qa’qa ibn Amr
    Abu Musa Ashaari
    Ammar ibn Yasir
    Nouman ibn Muqarrin
    Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman
    Mugheera ibn Shuba
    Usman ibn Abi al-Aas
    Asim ibn Amr
    Ahnaf ibn Qais
    Abdullah ibn Aamir
    Bukayr ibn Abdallah
    Kanadbak (after 651)
    Busbuhra (briefly)
    Farrukhzad (only at Ray)

    [show]

    v t e

    Muslim conquest
    of Persia
    [show]

    v t e

    Early Muslim expansion

    The Muslim conquest of Persia, also known as the Arab conquest of Iran,[2], led to the end of the Sasanian Empire in 651 and the eventual decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Persia.

    The rise of Muslims coincided with an unprecedented political, social, economic and military weakness in Persia. Once a major world power, the Sasanian Empire had exhausted its human and material resources after decades of warfare against the Byzantine Empire. The internal political situation quickly deteriorated after the execution of King Khosrow II in 628 AD. Subsequently, ten new claimants were enthroned within the next four years.[3] With conflict erupting between Persian and Parthian factions, the empire was no longer centralized.

    Arab Muslims first attacked the Sassanid territory in 633, when general Khalid ibn Walid invaded Mesopotamia (Sassanid province of Asōristān; what is now Iraq), which was the political and economic center of the Sassanid state.[4] Following the transfer of Khalid to the Byzantine front in the Levant, the Muslims eventually lost their holdings to Sassanian counterattacks. The second invasion began in 636 under Saad ibn Abi Waqqas, when a key victory at the Battle of al-Qādisiyyah led to the permanent end of Sasanian control west of Iran. The Zagros mountains then became a natural barrier and border between the Rashidun Caliphate and the Sassanid Empire. Due to continuous raids by Persians into the area, Caliph Umar ordered a full invasion of the Sasanian empire in 642, which led to the complete conquest of the Sasanians around 651.a[›] Directing from Medina, a few thousand kilometres from the battlefields of Iran, Caliph Umar's quick conquest of Iran in a series of well-coordinated, multi-pronged attacks became his greatest triumph, contributing to his reputation as a great military and political strategist.[3]

    Iranian historians have defended their forebears vis a vis Arab sources to illustrate that "contrary to the claims of some historians, Iranians, in fact, fought long and hard against the invading Arabs."[5] By 651, most of the urban centers in Iranian lands, with the notable exception of the Caspian provinces (Tabaristan) and Transoxiana, had come under the domination of the Arab armies. Many localities fought against the invaders; ultimately, none were successful. In fact, although Arabs had established hegemony over most of the country, many cities rose in rebellion by killing the Arab governor or attacking their garrisons. Eventually, military reinforcements quashed the insurgency and imposed Islamic control. The violent subjugation of Bukhara is a case in point: Conversion to Islam was gradual, partially as the result of this violent resistance; however, Zoroastrian scriptures were burnt and many priests were executed.[6] However, the Persians began to reassert themselves by maintaining Persian language and culture. Islam would become the dominant religion late in the medieval ages.[7][8]
    oregonblitzkriegYellowSnowPurpleBazeTierbsHsotBoobsGrundleStiltzkin
  • Re: UW CAL bball game thread

    https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCRU5-KFJE5o9Pu2ClJj-TIQ/videos

    video replay should show up sometime here later today
    dncUW_Doog_Bot
  • Re: Article on our Defensive QualControl Coach Kane Ioane: MSU transplant

    Great read and chinned for your efforts to temporarily save the main bored. A sisyphean task to be sure :blush:
    Dennis_DeYoungguntloveRhythmicSlappingDawgCFetters_Nacho_Lover
  • Re: Did Taco Bell consult Cuntwaffle?

    Enough talk. We need another Cuntwaffle rankings thread.
    TierbsHsotBoobs
  • Re: Slick Rick rumors to AZ

    tate in that triple option offense is intriguing. reading their forums, they have pretty dumb fans

    you could do way worse than niumatololo. his teams are also physical as fuck and borderline dirty. he's the winningest coach in their history.



    they do shit like that all time time. i love it.
    dncGrundleStiltzkin